Heckington-based Heritage Lincolnshire has been running a community archaeology project in the village to mark its 25th anniversary.
The charity moved into the converted Heckington National School 24 years ago and a community project at the weekend saw 12 small, metre-square test pits excavated in back gardens across the village as a way to find out more about its long history.
Dr Ian Marshman, from Heritage Lincolnshire, said: “Until now there has been very little excavation within the historic core of Heckington, with most work focusing in the fields around it, either in advance of new housing estates being built or as a result of fieldwalking. This means we don’t know much about the origin of the village itself, or how it has changed over time.
“By working with the community to place test pits in private gardens we’re able to dig where no one has dug before.”
The first to get digging were Years 3 and 4 pupils at Heckington Primary School who worked with experts before the end of term on the school playing field, revealing a range of finds suggesting the site of a former blacksmiths on Cowgate.
The test pit weekend itself saw 43 people digging in 11 back gardens spread across the village under the supervision of archaeologists.
Star finds included Victorian glass bottles, a 17th century tobacco pipe, medieval window glass, musket balls, and a single sherd of 2,000 year old Roman pottery.
On Sunday afternoon volunteers were joined by Prof Carenza Lewis, of Channel 4’s Time Team, who toured the gardens and talked to villagers about their finds.
Liz Bates, chief executive of Heritage Lincolnshire said: “This community project has been an excellent way of involving local people in our work and it has been fantastic to see how much enthusiasm and interest there has been.”
Finds will be on display at the Heckington Show.